Rights and Freedoms
Specific Instruments
  General Instruments
  Selected Case Law
  Case Law Websites
  Human Rigths Actors
Rights and Freedoms
Specific Instruments
General Instruments
American Convention on Human Rights (Pact of San Jose, Costa Rica)
Date of adoption: 22/11/1969 Entry into force: 18/7/1978
System of protection: Organization of American States
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
Date of adoption: 16/12/1966 Entry into force: 3/1/1976
System of protection: Universal
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
Date of adoption: 10/12/1948 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man
Date of adoption: 2/5/1948 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Organization of American States
Cour européenne des droits de l'homme, année 2001
Latest update: 07/05/2003 First published: 1/2/2002
Reference: J.T.D.E., 2002, pp. 43-49
Annual review of ECHR case law by Pierre Lambert
La Cour africaine des droits de l'homme et des peuples. Présentation, analyse et commentaire du Protocole à la Charte africaine des droits de l'homme et des peuples, créant la Cour
Latest update: 23/02/2003 First published: 11/1999
Reference: -
Survey and comment of the Protocol creating the new African Court of Human Rights.
Languages: English Swedish
Thousands of references (with abstracts) to monographs, articles, and seminar reports concerning human rights from 1966 on, updated daily. The data are stored in a free form and every word and phrase is searchable. Follows HURIDOCS standards.
Languages: Arabic Chinese English French Portuguese Russian Spanish
The official site of Human Rights Watch - an independent NGO. News releases - Current events - Publications - Info by country - Campaigns - Issues -Reports - Links... Search engine. A very informative site.
Languages: English French
This site, set up by the Human Rights Directorate General, presents and gives access to all the Council of Europe's activities and documents related to human rights. The quality of the links it offers is rather inconsistent.
Languages: French
Bibliographies, Theses, and Teaching programmes relevant to human rights and humanitarian law. Lots of very good links in the "liens" section.
Languages: English
Extensive documentation centre and online databases on human rights. Many are paid services, but are free for non-governmental human rights organizations. HRI also produces resources including the Human Rights Tribune and other annual publications.
Languages: English
The Forum is seen as an instrument to develop a dialogue between the EU institutions and NGOs active in the field of human rights as well as other actors involved (academics, international organisations). Reports in English and French of fora held.
Languages: English
The primary goal of this site is to compile news articles and commentaries that address issues of human rights from news sources throughout the world. People and organizations (human rights actors) - Discussions - links to web sites.
Languages: French
Maghreb and Euro-Maghreb Democratic associations - Reports on violations of human rights in Maghreb countries - Makes efforts towards the rule of law and true citizenship in these countries. Mailing lists, Campaigns, News, Research tools, Links.
Languages: Danish Dutch English Finnish French German Greek Italian Portuguese Spanish Swedish
Provides a monthly insight into the activities of the European Commission and of the other Community institutions. Ten times a year in all the Community languages. Section on Human Rights with basic information on activities.
Selected Case Law
Case Law Websites
Council of Europe - Human Rights Web
Languages: English French
Search the case-law of the European Convention on Human Rights control bodies.
Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Languages: English Spanish
Search the case law of the Inter-American Court.
International Human Rights Law Database (The)
Languages: English
A resource for those seeking summaries and commentaries on international human rights case law, the database allows searches by text, 47 subjects, 81 states, 9 treaties, 9 decisionmaking bodies, and date. A powerful and quick database.
Repertorio de Jurisprudencia del Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos
Languages: Spanish
Directory of the case law of the Inter-American Court 1980 - 1997.
For the Record 2001: The United Nations Human Rights System
Human Rights Internet Date: 2001
Reference: Human Rights Internet, 2001
Source: Human Rights Internet
FTR is an electronic annual report that provides summaries of relevant human rights information generated within the UN system. An important reference tool for those active in national and international social justice movements, the report also aids in simplifying the human rights work of the UN for the uninitiated, members of national legislative assemblies, journalists, students, teachers and the general public. Produced with the support of the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade since 1997, the report is organized thematically as well as by country and covers all relevant UN documentation over a full calendar year. These include: State reports prepared for the six human rights treaty bodies and the concluding observations of the experts who review those reports; documentation, resolutions and decisions by various UN system bodies.
The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
HCDH / OHCHR Date: 7/1991
Reference: Fact Sheet No. 16 (Rev.1)
Source: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The human rights Fact Sheet Series is published by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Geneva.
Complaint Procedures
HCDH / OHCHR Date: inconnue
Reference: Fact Sheet No.7/Rev.1
Source: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The human rights Fact Sheet Series is published by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Geneva.
Jurisprudence de la Cour Européenne des Droits de l'Homme
Vincent BERGER
Reference: Paris, Dalloz, 2000
Languages: French
Analytical summaries of the most important decisions rendered by the European Court of Human Rights since its creation in 1959. This book does not contain commentaries on the of the soundness of the decisions or the Court's reasoning.
The Human Rights Committee
Reference: Oxford, Clarendon Paperbacks, 1994
Languages: English
The HRC's role in the development of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Introduction au droit public, t. II, Les droits et libertés
Reference: Diegem, Kluwer, 2003
Languages: French
Professor Ergec's book on rights and freedoms was enlarged for this 2nd edition. The book covers fundamental rights and freedoms at Belgian, European and International levels.
Code de droit international des droits de l'homme
Reference: Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2003
Languages: French
2nd edition (updated to May 1st, 2003) of this collection of the main international instruments (as well universal as regional) regarding the protection of fundamental human rights.
Human Rights and the European Community - The Substantive Law
Reference: Baden Baden, European Union -The Human Rights Challenge Vol III, Nomos, 1991
Languages: English French
Part III of a reserch project undertaken by international scholars and commanded by the EC. This part contains reports on such issues as environmental rights, consumer rights, womens rights, freedom of information and educational and cultural rights.
Human Rights and the European Community - A Critical Overview
Reference: Baden Baden, Europen Union - The Human Rights Challenge Vol I, Nomos, 1991
Languages: English French
The opening volume of a three volume set of reports carried out by a team of experts on the order of the EC. In this part Andrew Chapham covers the evolvement of human rights in the EC and looks at the future problems and solutions.
La protection diplomatique : mutations contemporaines et pratiques nationales
J-F Flauss Ed.
Reference: Bruxelles, Droit & Justice, Bruylant, 2003
Languages: French
Collected papers from a seminar on the evolution of international law of diplomatic protection and of national practices : discretionnary power of the State vs. continuous development of international human rights law, ...
Avancées et confins actuels des droits de l'homme aux niveaux international, européen et national
Mélanges offerts à Silvio Marcus Helmons Ed.
Reference: Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2003
Languages: French
Impressive collection of articles in the field of international and european human rights, as a tribute to the founder of the Center for Human Rights of the faculty of law of the Université Catholique de Louvain.
Recueil juridique des droits de l'homme en Afrique (1996-2000)
Paul Tavernier Ed. - Paul TAVERNIER
Reference: Bruxelles, CREDHO & human rights law in Africa Series, Bruylant, 2002
Languages: English French
I. United Nations and human rights in Africa : a report -- II. Regional protection : Organization of African Unity (a report), European Union, Francophonie -- III. National protection (per country) -- Treaties, rafications and a large bibliography
Droit communautaire des droits fondamentaux
SUDRE Frédéric Ed. - Sabrina QUELLIEN - Nicolas RAMBION - Caroline SALVIEJO - Frédéric SUDRE
Reference: Bruxelles, Droit et justice no. 26, Bruylant, 1999
Languages: French
A collection of case law of the European Court of Justice in the field of Human Rights from 1957-1999.
Réalité et perspectives du droit communautaire des droits fondamentaux
SUDRE Frédéric; LABAYLE Henri Ed.
Reference: Bruxelles, Droit et justice no. 27, Bruylant, 2000
Languages: French
A collection of articles given at the study days held the 4th and 5th of November 1999 and organised by CEDECE. It contains also an introduction by Frédéric Sudre and a summary of the debates.
Actualité et Droit International
Contact: despretz@ridi.org http://www.ridi.org/adi/
Languages: French
E-journal of international news legal analysis. Articles (archive from 1998, quick search), chronicles and cases, discussions, international news, announcements. Useful links.
Droits Fondamentaux
Reference: Paris,
Contact: despretz@toile.org http://www.droits-fondamentaux.org/
Languages: French
First electronic journal in French on Fundamental Rights.
Human Rights Brief - Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
Reference: Washington, Washington College of Law
Contact: hrbrief@wcl.american.edu http://www.wcl.american.edu/hrbrief/
Languages: English
The Human Rights Brief reports about developments in international human rights and humanitarian law, as well as provides concise legal analysis of current human rights issues. Search by Volume / Issue / Title / Author. Archive since Spring 1994.
Human Rights Tribune
Reference: Ottawa, Human Rights Internet
Contact: hri@hri.ca http://www.hri.ca/cftribune/
Languages: English
A tri-yearly publication of HRI (Human Rights Internet). Addresses all areas of human rights from a non-governmental perspective world-wide. Articles about important events - NGO reports - Analysis of the work of human rights organizations.
The International Journal of Human Rights
Reference: London, Frank Cass Publishers
Contact: jnlsubs@frankcass.com http://www.frankcass.com/jnls/hr.htm
Languages: English
Quarterly journal covering an exceptionally broad spectrum of human rights issues: human rights and the law, race, religion, gender, children, class, refugees and immigration, genocide, torture, capital punishment, the laws of war and war crimes, ...
Human Rights Actors
Centre de droit international de Nanterre (CEDIN Nanterre)
http://www.u-paris10.fr/cedin/index.html Type:Research / Education
A research and teaching centre open to researchers innterested in international public, private, and community law. Fundamental Rights is one of its 5 research axes.
Council of the European Union ()
www.consilium.eu.int Type:International or Regional Organization
The Council of the European Union
Derechos Human Rights ()
http://www.derechos.org Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
The first internet based human rights organization. Purpose: to work for the promotion and respect of human rights all over the world, for the right to privacy and against impunity for human rights violators. Use internet as primary information tool.
Directorate General of Human Rights, Council of Europe ()
http://www.coe.int/T/F/Droits_de_l'homme/ Type:International or Regional Organization
Mandate: responsible for the development and implementation of the human rights policy and standards of the Council of Europe, including the operation of human rights treaties and related mechanisms.
Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
http://www.un.org/documents/ecosoc.htm Type:United Nations System
Coordinates the economic, social, and related work of the UN. Promotes: (a) higher standards of living ; (b) solutions of international economic, social, health, and related problems; and (c) universal respect for, and observance of, human rights...
European Master in Democracy and Human Rights in South Europe ()
http://www2.spfo.unibo.it/balkans/dhr.htm Type:Research / Education
This Master's degree is coordinated by the University of Sarajevo. Contents of the programme: philosophy of human rights, democracy, ethnicity and religion, social and economic rights, protection and implementation of human rights.
European Master's Degree in Human Right and Democratisation (E.MA)
http://www.ema-humanrights.org/ Type:Research / Education
The European Master’s Degree in Human Rights and Democratisation is a multidisciplinary and intensive one-year academic programme that reflects the indivisible links between human rights, democracy, peace and development.
Fiji Human Rights Commission ()
http://www.humanrights.org.fj/ Type:National Human Rights Institution
Functions: to educate the public about the nature and content of local and international human rights law; to make recommendations to the Government; and to perform such other functions as are conferred on it by a law made by the Parliament.
Finnish NGO Foundation for Human Rights (KIOS)
http://www.kios.fi/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
An independent nonprofit fund for the promotion of human rights as defined in international and regional documents. Provides both funding and other support for local human rights related activities. Democratic institutions - Developing countries.
Foundation for Human & Humanitarian Rights Lebanon ()
http://www.fhhrl.org.lb/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
An inter-state, inter-faith, inter-party and inter-ethnic forum of activists concerned with the rights and freedoms of all human beings as individuals and groups, on the local, regional and international levels.
Freedom House (FH)
http://www.freedomhouse.org Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Non-profit, nonpartisan organization. Conducts research, advocacy, education, and training initiatives that promote human rights, democracy, free market economics, the rule of law, independent media, and U.S. engagement in international affairs.
Greek Helsinki Monitor (GHM)
http://www.greekhelsinki.gr Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Monitors, publishes and lobbies on human rights issues in Greece and, occasionally, in the Balkans. Monitoring of Greek and Balkan media for stereotypes and hate speech. Reports on ethnonational, ethnolinguistic, religious and immigrant communities.
Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace ()
http://truman.huji.ac.il/ Type:Research / Education
Supports major studies on the history, politics, and social development of the non-Western world, with particular emphasis on the Middle East. Minerva Center for Human Rights; Modernization and Comparative Civilizations Unit. Interdisciplinary.
Hawai'i Institute for Human Rights (HIHR)
Type:Research / Education
Promoting human rights principles and creating a culture of Peace through education. Implementing civil, political, social, economic, cultural and environmental rights and fostering international public law instruments. Justice in development.
Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights, Warsaw (HFHR)
http://www.hfhrpol.waw.pl/en/index.htm Type:Research / Education
Human rights education and public interest actions. Cooperate with the country's top lawyers, who advise members of parliamentary committees as representatives of HFHR. Prepare expert opinions. Main focus: training of NGO activists, judges.
Hong Kong - Master of Laws in Human Rights ()
http://www.hku.hk/law/prog/postgrad-llm-hr.html Type:Research / Education
The LLM Programme in Human Rights explores the meaning, content, legal status and implementation of universal human rights standards, with particular focus on the Asia-Pacific region.
Human Rights and Human Diversity Initiative (University of Nebraska-Lincoln) ()
http://www.unl.edu/HumanR/index.html Type:Research / Education
Goal: to examine issues related to human rights in an international perspective. Relationship between cultural diversity and human rights. Universality of HR. Minorities: refugees, voluntary migrants, and indigenous peoples. Human rights protectors.
Human Rights and Peace Centre, Makerere University (HURIPEC)
http://www.huripec.ac.ug Type:Research / Education
The first research and academic-based institution in the East African region. It is devoted to teaching, researching, and compilation of local/regional materials relating to human rights. Publishes the East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights.
Human Rights Centre "Ius Gentium Conimbrigae" ()
http://www.fd.uc.pt/~hrc/ Type:Research / Education
Conferences, seminars, summer courses and a post-graduate course.
Human Rights Centre (Belfast) (HRC)
http://www.law.qub.ac.uk/qub_law/welcomehr.htm Type:Research / Education
"The Human Rights Centre aims to support a community of researchers in the area of human rights and to promote other academic and human rights organisations, so as to produce scholarship of excellence in this field".
Human Rights Centre, University of California, Berkeley ()
http://www.hrcberkeley.org/ Type:Research / Education
"the Human Rights Center conducts interdisciplinary research on emerging issues in international human rights and humanitarian law. Our research focuses on war crimes, justice and postwar reconstruction, health and human rights, and refugees".
Human Rights Centre, University of Essex ()
http://www2.essex.ac.uk/human_rights_centre/ Type:Research / Education
Co-ordinates the University's interdisciplinary human rights teaching programme as well as a programme of research, training, external consultancy and publication on international, comparative and national aspects of human rights.
Human Rights Centre, University of Potsdam (MRZ)
http://www.uni-potsdam.de/u/mrz/index.htm Type:Research / Education
Activities: conduct and publication of research, library, documentation system, teaching. International obligations and Germany - Human rights clauses in EC foreign relations - The question of remedies for HR violations - Minority issues.
Human Rights Commission of New Zealand ()
http://www.hrc.co.nz/ Type:National Human Rights Institution
A statutory body set up to administer the Human Rights Act 1993. 2 Functions: to promote, by education and publicity, respect for and observance of human rights; to impartially investigate and attempt to resolve complaints of unlawful discrimination.
Human Rights Forum 21 (Japan) ()
http://www.mars.sphere.ne.jp/jhrf21/index_e.html Type:Network
Formed by major human rights organizations and academics to provide NGO perspective to the Japanese Advisory Council for Human Rights Protection and Promotion and encourage further commitment of the Government to the promotion and protection of HR.
Human Rights Institute at Columbia Law School (HRI)
http://www.law.columbia.edu/hri/ Type:Research / Education
Supports legal education for the emerging human rights profession - Assists in "professionalizing" the human rights movement - Focus on transitional justice - Examines US constitutional rights and international rights, and how the two work together.
Human Rights Institute of South Africa (HURISA)
http://www.sn.apc.org/sangonet/hr/hurisa/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Specialises in human rights training, and in the collection and dissemination of human rights information to a large number of constituencies in South Africa and on the African continent. Human rights training and the facilitation of NGO networking.
Human Rights Institute of the Bar of Bordeaux (HRIBB)
http://www.idhbb.org/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Aim: encourage the training of lawyers in Human Rights, in International Criminal Law and other legal matters; promote and, on a regional, national and international level, ensure the enforcement of defence rights, the supremacy of law, etc....
Human Rights Internet (HRI)
http://www.hri.ca/welcome.cfm Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Dedicated to the empowerment of HR activists and organizations, and to the education of governmental and intergovernmental agencies and officials and other actors in the public and private sphere, on human rights issues and the role of civil society.
Human Rights Law Centre (University of Nottingham) ()
http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/law/hrlc.htm Type:Research / Education
Aim: to facilitate teaching and research on human rights issues. Undertakes research and consultancy projects, publishes books and periodicals, organises conferences and lectures on human rights themes. Runs Human Rights Law Short Courses.
Human Rights Program, Harvard Law School (HRP (Harvard))
http://www.law.harvard.edu/programs/HRP/ Type:Research / Education
Fosters coursework, the participation of students in human rights activities, clinical work, research and scholarship. Student internships, speaker series, visiting fellowships, applied research, and international conferences.
Human Rights Research and Education Centre (University of Ottawa) (HRREC)
http://www.uottawa.ca/hrrec/ Type:Research / Education
Linkages between human rights, governance, legal reform and development. Supporting national human rights institutions in Canada and Abroad. Improving domestic social justice institutions and programs. Multidisciplinary research and education.
Human Rights Trust of Southern Africa (SAHRIT)
http://www.sahrit.org/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Mainstreaming human rights within public institutions in the region, especially those charged with administering justice, enforcement of legal and human rights instruments, and promoting individual welfare. Special focus on child rights.
Human Rights Watch (HRW)
http://www.hrw.org/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Major international NGO that investigates human rights violations worldwide.
Icelandic Human Rights Centre ()
http://www.humanrights.is/ Type:Research / Education
Purpose and aim: to collect information on human rights issues in Iceland and abroad and to make this information accessible to the general public. Holds conferences, seminars and meetings on human rights topics; promotes HR education and research.
Institut Arabe des Droits de l'Homme (IADH)
http://www.aihr.org.tn Type:Research / Education
Member of the Réseau des Instituts de Droits de l'Homme
Institut de drets humans de Catalunya (IDHC)
http://www.idhc.net/ Type:Research / Education
Member of the Réseau des Instituts de Droits de l'Homme
Institut des Droits de l'Homme et de la paix (IDHP)
http:// Type:Research / Education
Member of the Réseau des Instituts de Droits de l'Homme
Institute des Hautes Etudes Européennes, Equipe de recherche Droit comparé des Droits de l'Homme (IHEE)
http://www-ihee.u-strasbg.fr/ Type:Research / Education
The research team on comparative human rights law is specialised in: the European Union and human rights; National minorities in Europe; Interactions between international human rights norms; The duties of man.
Institute for Human Rights Lebanon ()
http://www.humanrightslebanon.org Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Aims at promoting universal values stated in the Lebanese constitution and in the UN conventions of human rights. Distributes texts of the conventions - Monitors their implementation in Lebanon by publishing special reports - Prepares draft laws.
Institute for Human Rights, Åbo Akademi University ()
http://www.abo.fi/instut/imr/ Type:Research / Education
Aim: to promote research, provide education and disseminate information relating to the protection of human rights. Assists various outside institutions - Human rights library - Bibliography on human rights - FINDOC human rights database.
Institute for Human Rights/Instituut voor de rechten van de mens ()
http://www.law.kuleuven.ac.be/pubrecht/rvdm/ Type:Research / Education
Teaching focused on the European Convention of Human Rights and its institutions. Research on a wide range of issues of international human rights law.
Institute of Human Rights Lyon (IDHL)
http://www.univ-catholyon.fr/fr/droit/idhl.htm Type:Research / Education
Post-graduate courses in human rights. The disciplines are regrouped as: International law; Domestic and European law; Philosophy, Sociology and Ethics.
Instituto de Derechos Humanos (Universidad Complutense de Madrid) (IDH)
Basic objective: promote scientific research and teaching on human rights and serve as a forum for reflection and debate on these topics. Speicalised courses - Seminars - Conferences - Interdisciplinary events - Collaborartion with other universities
Instituto de Derechos Humanos Bartolomé De Las Casas ()
http://www.uc3m.es/uc3m/inst/BC/06htm.htm Type:Research / Education
Objectives: to defend the inherent values of human rights; create a space for reflection and dialogue on HR issues; develop HR research; promote the diffusion of scientific works on HR; forward human rights education.
Inter-American Center for Human Rights ()
http://www.nsulaw.nova.edu/Iachr/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
An independent, community-based organization located in South Florida. Its aim is to make the promotion and protection of human rights locally and throughout the hemisphere a vital part of the South Florida community.
Inter-American Institute of Human Rights (IIDH/IIHR)
http://www.iidh.ed.cr/en_index.htm Type:Research / Education
"The Inter-American Institute of Human Rights is an international institution devoted to education, promotion and research in the field of human rights in the Americas". Created under an agreement between the IACHR and the Republic of Costa Rica.
Interights ()
http://www.interights.org/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
"An international human rights law centre promoting the effective use of law to protect human rights and freedoms worldwide".
International Federation of Human Righs (FIDH)
http://www.fidh.org/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Bringing together 115 human rights organisations from 90 countries, the FIDH is a non-political, non-sectarian, non-profit organization working to advance the implementation of all the rights defined by the UDHR and other international instruments.
International Human Rights Law Institute (DePaul University) (IHRLI)
http://www.law.depaul.edu/ihrli.asp Type:Research / Education
Dedicated to safeguarding fundamental rights through international law - Enhances public and professional awareness of international human rights law - Combines academic and practical approaches - Large scope of concerns.
International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies (U.S. National Academy of Sciences) ()
http://www4.nas.edu/oia/oiahome.nsf/web/network?Op Type:Network
Assists scientists and scholars around the world who are subjected to severe repression solely for having nonviolently exercised their rights. Promotes human rights consciousness-raising and institutional commitment to human rights work worldwide.
Irish Centre for Human Rights ()
http://www.nuigalway.ie/human_rights/ Type:Research / Education
Engages in teaching, research and advocacy. Offers an LLM programme in international human rights, as well as a PhD degree.
Jaan Tõnisson Institute (JTI)
http://www.jti.ee/en/about.html Type:Research / Education
Nonprofit, non-governmental research and training centre - Aim: to foster democratic development and the strengthening of civil society - Works to cultivate political and civic culture and to promote citizen participation in decisionmaking processes
La Ligue des droits de l'Homme (Ligue française pour la défense des droits de l'Homme et du citoyen) (LDH)
http://www.ldh-france.asso.fr/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Secular, generalist association - Struggles against attacks on individual rights in all domaines of civic, political and social life - Seeks to promote the political and social citizenship of everyone and to guarantee the exercise of democracy.
Lawyer's Committee for Human Rights (LCHR)
http://www.lchr.org/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Programs that focus on building the legal institutions and structures that will guarantee human rights in the long term - Strengthening independent human rights advocacy at the local level - Impartial - Also seeks to influence the U.S. Government...
Liberty ()
http://www.liberty-human-rights.org.uk Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Liberty is one of the UK's leading human rights and civil liberties organisations. Since 1934, Liberty has fought to secure equal rights for everyone.
Liga Mexicana por la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos (LIMEDDH)
http://www.derechos.org/nizkor/mexico/limeddh/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
An open, independent, democratic and pluralist platform, where cases of human rights violations are denounced. Affiliated with the FIDH
Ligue Algérienne des Droits de l'Homme (LADH)
http:// Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Correspondent organisation with the International Federation of Leagues of Human Rights (FIDH).
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights (BIM)
http://www.univie.ac.at/bim/eng/index.html Type:Research / Education
Research activities in the field of human rights on the national and the international level - Human rights teaching and training - Public human rights library - Link between the scientific community and practitioners - Empirical research, projects.
Maastricht Centre for Human Rights ()
http://www.rechten.unimaas.nl/humanrights/Main.htm Type:Research / Education
Research activities: the role and significance of human rights in domestic and international legal orders - Particular research on the role of human rights in decision making and quasi-judicial organs at the regional (European) level.
MacArthur Justice Center ()
http://macarthur.uchicago.edu/ Type:Other
A nonprofit public-interest law firm affiliated with the University of Chicago Law School. Fights for human rights and social justice through litigation. Focus on cases that raise constitutional or significant issues in the field of criminal justice.
Marangopoulos Foundation for Human Rights (MFHR)
http://www.mfhr.gr/home/index.htm Type:Research / Education
Basic aims: the research, study, defence, protection and promotion of the generally recognized fundamental human rights and freedoms. Special interest: advancement of human rights education, training and public awareness. Publications.
Master's Degree (LLM) in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa ()
http://www.up.ac.za/chr/newmasters/masters.html Type:Research / Education
A regional co-operation initiative under the auspices of the Association of African Universities (AAU) - Focusses specifically on human rights as seen from the African perspective - One academic year - Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria.
Mediterranean Master's Degree in Human Rights and Democratisation ()
http://home.um.edu.mt/laws/entrance/index.html Type:Research / Education
One year multi-disciplinary programme coordinated by the University of Malta on behalf of a partnership of Universities and Human Rights institutions from both sides of the Mediterranean. One of five regional Master's supported by the EC.
Meiklejohn Civil Liberties Institute (MCLI)
http://www.sfsu.edu/~mclicfc Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Advocates for human rights and peace law - US law - UN law - Reports on violations - Trains interns - Publishes the Human Rights & Peace Law Docket, the Human Rights Organizations and Periodicals Directory, Peace Law Packets, etc.
Minerva Center for Human Rights (Hebrew University of Jerusalem) ()
http://humrts.huji.ac.il/ Type:Research / Education
Interdisciplinary center which promotes, coordinates, and supports academic and research activities in the field of human rights. Provides the academic community and the public access to human rights information and serves as a forum.
Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (MIGS)
http://migs.concordia.ca/ Type:Research / Education
Research, teaching, workshops, conferences, and publications. Departments of History and Sociology at Concordia University. Comparative and historical approach. Collects and disseminates knowledge about the historical origins of genocides.
Moscow School of Human Rights ()
http://www.mshr.ru/eindex.htm Type:Research / Education
A non-governmental and non-commercial organization functioning in the sphere of additional education. It doesn't support any political parties, movements and campaigns and recognizes ideological and world outlook diversity.
National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC)
http://nhrc.nic.in/ Type:National Human Rights Institution
Inquires into human rights violations; Intervenes in court proceedings; Visits detention centres; Reviews constitutional and legal safeguards; Studies international treaties; Research; Spreads human rights literacy; Encourages human rights NGOs.
Netherlands Humanist Committee on Human Rights (HOM)
http://www.hom.nl/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
NGO committed to strengthening the respect and the implementation of human rights in the broadest sense: universal, indivisible and interdependent. Information, policy proposals, research missions, publications.
Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM)
Type:Research / Education
Conduct and publish research, organise conferences and training sessions (both in the Netherlands and abroad), and teach. SIM is also an information and documentation centre, maintaining a collection of publications as well as databases.
Network of Nordic human rights institutes ()
http://www.nordichumanrights.net/ Type:Network
Religious freedom - Economic, social and cultural rights - Education - Europe.
Northern Ireland Human Rights commission (NIHRC)
http://www.nihrc.org/ Type:National Human Rights Institution
Established by the Northern Ireland Act 1998, in compliance with the Good Friday Agreement of 10 April 1998. Aims to ensure the protection of the human rights of everyone in Northern Ireland in law, policy, and practice.
Norwegian Institute of Human Rights (NIHR)
http://www.humanrights.uio.no/english/ Type:National Human Rights Institution
Became Norway's National Human rights Institution in 2001. Founded by leading scholars in 1978. Publications, study programmes, research programmes.
Organisation Marocaine des Droits Humains (OMDH)
http://www.omdh.org/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Legal and medical protection and assistance for victims of human rights violations: Deal with complaints; Medical assistance and rehabilitation; documentation and information; studies on judicial and institutional guarantees.
OSCE Office of Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR (OSCE))
http://www.osce.org/odihr Type:International or Regional Organization
Carries out projects, policy, publications and monitoring missions in the areas of human rights and democratization, minorities, institution-building, election observation, and more.
Pedro Arrupe Institute of Human Rights (University of Deusto) (IDHPA)
http://www.idh.deusto.es/default.asp?lang=EN Type:Research / Education
Four pillars or programmes of action: Programme of teaching; Programme of research; Programme of dissemination/sensitization; Programme of action/intervention.
Philippine Human Rights Information Center (PhilRights)
http://www.skyinet.net/~prights/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Established in July 1991 by the Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA), PhilRights seeks to undertake and disseminate human rights information, research and analyses where and when they are needed.
Program in International Human Rights Law, Indiana University (PIHRL)
http://www.iulaw.indy.indiana.edu/programs/humanri Type:Research / Education
Promotes scholarship in international human rights law; assists human rights organizations on international human rights law projects; facilitates student placement as law interns at domestic and overseas human rights organizations.
Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (RWI)
http://www.rwi.lu.se/ Type:Research / Education
An academic institution promoting research, training and academic education in the fields of human rights and humanitarian law. Maintains an excellent research library; initiates, develops, carries out and supports other activities.
René Moawad Foundation (Center for Research and Education on Democracy -CRED-) (FRM)
http://www.rmf.org.lb/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
RMF tries to consolidate the foundations of a civil society that will promote national unity and sustainable peace through development projects. Objectives of CRED: research (constitutional and legal fields) and political education.
Research Centre for Turkestan and Azerbaijan (SOTA)
http://www.turkiye.net/sota/sotainfo.html Type:Research / Education
Dedicated to research and analysis of the Turkic Peoples of the former Soviet Union and the promotion of human rights, democratic governments and just peace in the Turkic World. Another goal is to provide information for Western public opinion.
Rights & Democracy (International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development) ()
http://www.ichrdd.ca/ Type:Other
An independent Canadian institution with an international mandate to promote, advocate and defend democratic and human rights. Four thematic priorities: democratic development, women's rights, the rights of indigenous peoples, globalization and HR.
Scottish Human Rights Centre (Ionad Choirichean Dhaonna na h-Alba ) ()
http://www.scottishhumanrightscentre.org.uk/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
"The Scottish Human Rights Centre aims to promote human rights in Scotland through: Public Education and Advice; Research; Scrutiny of legislation; Monitoring the application of international human rights treaties within Scotland"
South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC)
http://www.sahrc.org.za/ Type:National Human Rights Institution
"The South African Human Rights Commission is the national institution established to entrench constitutional democracy. It is committed to promote respect for, observance of and protection of human rights for everyone without fear or favour."
The Court of Justice of the European Communities (ECJ)
http://www.curia.eu.int Type:International or Regional Organization
The Court ensures that Community law is uniformly interpreted and effectively applied. It has jurisdiction in disputes involving Member States, EU institutions, businesses and individuals. A Court of First Instance has been attached to it since 1989.
Union Interafricaine des Droits de l'Homme (UIDH)
http://www.hri.ca/partners/uidh/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
A pan-African NGO working in the area of the defense, the promotion and the protection of human rights, democracy and development.
United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)
http://www.un.org/ga/56/ Type:United Nations System
Main deliberative organ, while its decisions have no legally binding force for Governments, they carry the weight of world opinion on major international issues, as well as the moral authority of the world community.
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR)
http://www.unhchr.ch Type:United Nations System
Assumes principal responsibility for the human rights activities of the UN, including the tasks of streamlining the human rights machinery throughout the United Nations system and supervising the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.
University of Minnesota Human Rights Center ()
http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/hrcenter.htm Type:Research / Education
Assists human rights advocates, monitors, students, and educators through: Applied Human Rights Research - Educational Tools - Field and Training Opportunities - Human Rights On-line - Learning Communities and Partnerships. U. Minnesota HR Library.
Österreichisches Institut für Menschenrechte, Internationales Forschungszentrum ()
http://www.sbg.ac.at/oim/ Type:Research / Education
A public service association based in Salzburg: the National Reporter of the Council of Europe for Austria, a contact for the Austrian authorities, and is consulted in the legislative procedure when bills involve human rights issues.