Prohibition of Torture
Specific Instruments
  General Instruments
  Articles
  Websites
  Selected Case Law
  Case Law Websites
  Reports
  Books
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  Human Rigths Actors
The prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment is at the very core of human rights. Of the general instruments that enshrine this right, none permits derogations from it or limitations of it, including in times of war or emergency. The "Death Row Phenomenon", questions of police brutality, and the treatment of detainees are all related to this right. Wide interpretations of this right may also include extreme cases of discrimination in daily life, or certain social practices, which qualify as cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Specific mechanisms have been set up in the universal and regional systems, such as the Committee Against Torture (CAT), the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture, and the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (ECPT). Most focus on the conditions of detention centers (prisons, etc.) in seeking evidence of violations.
     
Specific Instruments
Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners
Date of adoption: 14/12/1990 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment
Date of adoption: 9/12/1988 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
Safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty
Date of adoption: 25/5/1984 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty (the Havana Rules)
Date of adoption: 14/12/1990 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Date of adoption: 9/12/1975 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
Model Treaty on Extradition
Date of adoption: 14/12/1990 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances
Date of adoption: 18/12/1992 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
Inter-American Convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons
Date of adoption: 9/6/1994 Entry into force: 28/3/1996
System of protection: Organization of American States
Protocol No. 1 to the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Date of adoption: 4/11/1993 Entry into force: 1/3/2002
System of protection: Council of Europe
Protocol No. 2 to the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Date of adoption: 4/11/1993 Entry into force: 1/3/2002
System of protection: Council of Europe
Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture
Date of adoption: 9/12/1985 Entry into force: 28/2/1987
System of protection: Organization of American States
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Date of adoption: 10/12/1984 Entry into force: 26/6/1987
System of protection: Universal
European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Date of adoption: 26/11/1987 Entry into force: 1/2/1989
System of protection: Council of Europe
     
General Instruments
The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam
Date of adoption: 5/8/1990 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Organization of the Islamic Conference
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action
Date of adoption: 25/6/1993 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
American Convention on Human Rights (Pact of San Jose, Costa Rica)
Date of adoption: 22/11/1969 Entry into force: 18/7/1978
System of protection: Organization of American States
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (European Convention on Human Rights, ECHR)
Date of adoption: 4/11/1950 Entry into force: 3/9/1953
System of protection: Council of Europe
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
Date of adoption: 16/12/1966 Entry into force: 23/3/1976
System of protection: Universal
Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
Date of adoption: 7/12/2000 Entry into force: -
System of protection: European Union
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
Date of adoption: 10/12/1948 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man
Date of adoption: 2/5/1948 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Organization of American States
African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (Banjul Charter)
Date of adoption: 27/6/1981 Entry into force: 21/10/1986
System of protection: Organization of African Unity
     
Articles
The Role of National Courts in Preventing Torture of Suspected Terrorists
Eyal BENVENISTI
Latest update: 29/12/2002 First published: 1997
Reference: European Journal of International Law, 1997, Vol.8, No. 4
This comment examines three interim decisions of the Israeli High Court of Justice issued during 1996 and assesses the problems and challenges inherent in the domestic regulation of interrogations of suspected terrorists.
Can the Notion of Inhuman and Degrading Treatment be Applied to Socio-Economic Conditions?
Antonio CASSESE
Latest update: 29/12/2002 First published: 1991
Reference: European Journal of International Law, Vol. 2 (1991) No. 2
Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights - Extending the notion of inhuman and degrading treatment to the area of social and economic rights (the case of Francine van Volsem v. Belgium, decision of 9 May 1990).
L'interprétation de l'article 3 de la Convention européenne des droits de l’homme : réelle avancée ou restriction déguisée ? Commentaire sur l’arrêt de la CourEDH dans l'affaire H.L.R. c/France
Nicolas CHAUVIN
Latest update: 29/12/2002 First published: 31/12/1997
Reference: RUDH, 31 décembre 1997, Vol. 9, No. 9-12, 60, page 347
Interpretation of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights : Commentary on the decision in the case of H.L.R. v. France. Extension of applicability of Art. 3 – Limits to its application.
Examen de jurisprudence (1995-2000) Chapitre 2
Pierre-François DOCQUIR - Rusen ERGEC
Latest update: 28/10/2002 First published: 1/5/2002
Reference: R.C.J.B., 2002/1, pp. 85-229
The article reviews the whole of ECHR case law, from 1 January 1995 until 31 December 2000, highlighting the major threads and evolutions during this period.
Les quartiers de sécurité renforcée et l'article 3 de la Convention européenne
Pierre NIHOUL
Latest update: 23/10/2002 First published: 1994
Reference: Revue trimestrielle des droits de l'homme, 1994, p. 587
Analysis of the case of A.s.b.l. Ligue des droits de l'homme et Syndicat des avocats pour la démocratie c. l'Etat belge. Ihuman and degrading treatment - Detainee.
L'article 3 de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme et l'excision
Michel LEVINET
Latest update: 23/10/2002 First published: 1996
Reference: Revue trimestrielle des droits de l'homme, 1996, p. 695
Analyse de la jurisprudence. Inhuman or degrading treatment - Excision.
La Convention européenne des droits de l'homme face aux traitement contraires à l'intégrité physique et morale des individus
Jean-Manuel LARRALDE
Latest update: 23/10/2002 First published: 1999
Reference: Revue trimestrielle des droits de l'homme, 1999, p. 277
Analysis of the judgement of the European Court of Human Rights in the case of Raninen v. Finland. Degrading treatment - Wearing handcuffs - No violation.
Dignité humaine et interrogatoires musclés de la police
Pierre LAMBERT
Latest update: 23/10/2002 First published: 2000
Reference: Revue trimestrielle des droits de l'homme, 2000, p. 123
Analysis of the judgement of the European Court of Human Rights in the case of Selmouni v. France. Torture - Notion - Violation.
L'appréciation des faits et leur preuve par la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme dans les affaires mettant en cause les forces de sécurité accusées d'homicides et d'actes de terrorisme : le doute raisonnable et l'inhumain
Emmanuel VAN NUFFEL
Latest update: 23/10/2002 First published: 2001
Reference: Revue trimestrielle des droits de l'homme, 2001, p. 845
The case of Salman v. Turkey (Eur. Court of Human Rights). Acts of torture entailing death - Imputability of the statesmen - Obligation to conduct an effective investigation - Violations - Existence of the practice of violation - Non-examination.
L'extradition et les risques de violation des articles 3 et 6 de la Convention par ricochet
Michel PUéCHAVY
Latest update: 23/10/2002 First published: 2002
Reference: Revue trimestrielle des droits de l'homme, 2002, p. 709
Analysis of the judgement of the European Court of Human Rights in the case of Einhorn v. France. Extradition - Punishment incurred (death penalty or irreducible life imprisonment) - Guarantees given by the State-applicant.
Torture and Emergency Powers Under the European Convention on Human Rights: Ireland v. The United Kingdom
Michael O'BOYLE
Latest update: 19/10/2002 First published: 10/1977
Reference: American Journal of International Law, Vol. 71, No. 4. (Oct., 1977), pp. 674-706.
A thorough analysis of the case. Factual background - Article 3 - The concept of administrative practice, its significance under the Convention and its application - Sensory deprivation and Convention - Duty to secure human rights.
     
Languages: Arabic English French Spanish
Country reports and the latest news releases, information on AI latest campaigns and appeals for action to help protect human rights. Section "Library": Research available by country / region / theme. Links to hundreds of human rights websites.
Languages: Arabic Chinese English French Portuguese Russian Spanish
The official site of Human Rights Watch - an independent NGO. News releases - Current events - Publications - Info by country - Campaigns - Issues -Reports - Links... Search engine. A very informative site.
Languages: English French
The site offers access to visit reports and other documents of the Committee.
Languages: Chinese English
The official site of an international non-governmental organization. Publications - Research reports - Reports on human rights conditions in China, Tibet, Hong Kong - Campaigns - Activities - News - Useful links...
Languages: English French Spanish
UN Documents - News - Instruments - Comittee against Torture - Special Rapporteur - Working Group (optional protocol to the Convention against Torture) - Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture.
Languages: English
Presentation of the organization - Sections on the UN CAT - Guidelines -Publications, including Compilations and fact sheets - Newsletter - NGO participation in the field of torture and HR.
Languages: English
Collaboration of journalists, lawyers and scholars dedicated to raising public awareness of the laws of war and their application to situations of conflict.
Languages: English
The primary goal of this site is to compile news articles and commentaries that address issues of human rights from news sources throughout the world. People and organizations (human rights actors) - Discussions - links to web sites.
Languages: English
Web site themes: torture, reparation. Links - Organisations - Resources - Advocacy and campaigning - Law reform.
Languages: English French
Links to NGOs working against torture and a handful of interesting documents.
Languages: English French Swahili
Rather basic legal information available on torture and the death penalty - Action by Christians for the Abolition of Torture.
     
Selected Case Law
International Pen, Constitutional Rights Project, Interights on behalf of Ken Saro-Wiwa Jr. and Civil Liberties Organisation v. Nigeria
Date: 31/10/1998
Decision-making body: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Legal reference: Communications No. 137/94, 139/94, 154/96 and 161/97, in Annex V (Decisions on Communications) to the Twelfth Annual Activity Report of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, 1998-1999 (ACHPR/RPT/12th).
Arrest, detention and execution of writer and activist - Execution while case pending before African Commission - Violation of Articles 1, 4, 5, 6, 7.1(b)(c) and (d), 9.2, 10.1, 11, 16, and 26.
Free Legal Assistance Group, Lawyers' Committee for Human Rights, Union Interafricaine des Droits de l'Homme, Les Témoins de Jehovah v. Zaire
Date: 10/1995
Decision-making body: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Legal reference: Communications Nos. 25/89, 47/90, 56/91, 100/93 (Joined), in Annex on Communications to the Ninth Annual Activity Report of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, 1995-1996 (ACHPR/RPT/9th), AHG/207 (XXXII).
Economic, social and cultural rights - Zaire violates right to health (Art. 16, by failing to provide basic services) and right to education (Art. 17) - "Serious and massive violations" - Violation of Articles 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 16 and 17.
Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme et des Libertés v. Chad
Date: 10/1995
Decision-making body: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Legal reference: Communication No. 74/92, in Annex on Communications to the Ninth Annual Activity Report of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, 1995-1996 (ACHPR/RPT/9th), AHG/207 (XXXII).
African Charter does not allow for derogations from treaty obligations during emergency situations - Civil war in Chad cannot be used as an excuse - "Serious and massive violations" - Horizontal effect - Violations of Articles 4, 5, 6, 7.
Krischna Achutan (on behalf of Aleke Banda), Amnesty International on behalf of Orton and Vera Chirwa v. Malawi
Date: 1995
Decision-making body: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Legal reference: Communications Nos. 64/92, 68/92, 78/92 in Annex on Communications to the Eighth Annual Activity Report of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, 1994-1995 (ACHPR/RPT/8th), at no. 11.
Political prisoners - Arbitrary detention - Violation of Articles 4, 5, 6, and 7, para. 1, (a), (c) and (d) (Life, torture, liberty and security, due process).
Jean Yaovi Degli (in the name of Caporal N. Bikagni), Union Interafricaine des Droits de l'Homme, Commission International de Juristes v. Togo
Date: 1995
Decision-making body: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Legal reference: Communications Nos. 83/92, 88/93, 91/93 (Joined), in Annex on Communications to the Eighth Annual Activity Report of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, 1994-1995 (ACHPR/RPT/8th), at no. 13.
After sending a delegation to Togo, the Commission is satisfied that the new administration has dealt satisfactorily with the issues, which allegedly amounted to "serious and massive violations" under Article 58.
Krishna Achuthan and Amnesty International v. Malawi
Date: 1994
Decision-making body: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Legal reference: Communication Nos. 64/92, 68/92, 78/92 in Annex: Decisions/Recommendations on Communications, in African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Seventh Annual Activity Report, 1993-1994, (ACHPR/RPT/7th), at no. 38.
Wrongful detentions and denial of rights. Violation of Articles 4, 5 and 7 (inviolability of the human person, respect for inherent human dignity, due process).
Lawyers Committee for Human Rights v. Zaire
Date: 1994
Decision-making body: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Legal reference: Communication No. 47/90, in Annex: Decisions/Recommendations on Communications, in African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Seventh Annual Activity Report, 1993-1994 (ACHPR/RPT/7th), at no. 52.
Arbitrary arrests, detention, torture, etc. - "Series of serious or massive violations of human and peoples' rights" - Attention of the AHSG called to the situation according to Article 58(1) of the African Charter.
Pretty v. United Kingdom
Date: 29/4/2002
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 29 April 2002, n° 2346/02.
Prohibition of assisted suicide - Right to life: absence of negative aspect - Article 3: no positive obligation not to prosecute the husband of the applicant - Article 8 applies: interference necessary in a democratic society.
Kudla v. Poland
Date: 26/10/2000
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 26 October 2000. Request n° 30210/96
Article 3 ECHR: duty of the State to guarantee medical care to detainees - Absence of an effective remedy at national level to allow a ruling on a complaint concerning the right to trial within a reasonable time - Violation of Article 13 ECHR.
Labita v. Italy
Date: 6/4/2000
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 6 April 2000. Request n° 26772/95
Suspicion of participation in a mafia-type organisation - Declarations of a former mafioso - Acquittal - Upholding of strict surveillance measures - Absence of necessity - Freedom of movement - Right to participate in elections - Violations.
T. v. the United Kingdom
Date: 16/12/1999
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 16 December 1999. Request n° 24724/94
Public criminal proceedings against young minors - Murder - Accused unable to take part effectively in the trial - Violation of Article 6 ECHR - Detention "during Her Majesty's pleasure" - No violation of Article 3 ECHR.
V. v. the United Kingdom
Date: 16/12/1999
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 16 December 1999. Request n° 24888/94.
Public criminal proceedings against young minors - Murder - Accused unable to take part effectively in the trial - Violation of Article 6 ECHR - Detention "during Her Majesty's pleasure" - No violation of Article 3 ECHR.
Selmouni v. France
Date: 28/7/1999
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 28 July 1999, Collection of cases and decisions 1999-V. Request n° 25803/94.
Ill-treatment under police custody - Duty of the State to provide a plausible explanation - Seriousness of facts - Notion of torture - Increasingly high standard required in the protection of human rights - Facts termed as torture.
Aerts v. Belgium
Date: 30/7/1998
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 30 July 1998, Recueil 1998-V. n° 61/1997/845/1051.
Right of access to a court - Legal aid - Refusal by the Legal Aid Board of the Court of Cassation - Final decision in national law - Violation of Article 6 ECHR: it was not for the Legal Aid Board to assess the proposed appeal's prospects of success.
Kurt v. Turkey
Date: 25/5/1998
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 25 May 1998, Reports 1998-III, n°15/1997/799/1002
Disappearance of the applicant's son - Absence of credible and substantiated explanation - Violation of Articles 5 and 3 - Denial of effective remedy - Violation of Article 13 - Pressure borne by the applicant - Violation of Article 25.
Efstratiou v. Greece
Date: 18/12/1996
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 18 December 1996, Recueil 1996-VI. n° 77/1996/696/888.
Jehovah's Witnesses - Child refusing to participate in the national holiday ceremony - 2 days' suspension from school - No violation of Article 1 of Protocol 2, Articles 9 and 3 - Absence of effective remedy: violation of Article 13.
Chahal v. the United Kingdom
Date: 5/11/1996
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 15 November 1996, Recueil 1996-V. n° 70/1995/576/662
Deportation - Assessment of the risk of being subjected to ill treatment - Deportation motivated by the requirements of national security - Individual engaged in undesirable or dangerous activities - Absolute character of Article 3 ECHR.
Herczegfalvy v. Austria
Date: 24/9/1992
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 24 September 1992, A-244, n° 48/1991/300/371.
Placement in a psychiatric hospital - Treatment administered by force - Medical necessity - No violation of Article 3 - Tribunal failed to decide promptly on the maintenance in detention - Violation of Article 5 (4) - Violation of Article 8.
Tomasi v. France
Date: 27/8/1992
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 27 August 1992, Series A, vol 241-A
Medical reports attest to large number and intensity of blows inflicted - Absence of plausible explanation from Government - Threshold of minimum level of severity is reached - Fight against terrorism cannot justify ill treatment.
Vilvarajah and Others v. the United Kingdom
Date: 30/10/1991
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 30 December 1991, Series A, vol. 215
Risk of ill-treatment in case of forced return - Articles 3 and 13 ECHR - Right to a remedy at national level enabling a national authority both to deal with the substance of the relevant Convention complaint and to grant appropriate relief.
Cruz Varas and Others v. Sweden
Date: 20/3/1991
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 20 March 1991, A-201, n° 46/1990/237/307.
Expulsion of an asylum seeker - Alleged risk of being subject to torture or inhuman or degrading treatment in the country of origin - Article 3 - Circumstances of the instant case - Absence of serious and established risk - No violation.
Soering v. United Kingdom
Date: 7/7/1989
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 7 July 1989, Series A vol. 161
Article 3 ECHR - Extradition - Substantial grounds for believing that the person concerned faces a real risk of being subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment - Death penalty and death row phenomenon (USA).
Ireland v. the United Kingdom
Date: 18/1/1978
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 18 January 1978, Series A, n° 25. Request n° 5310/71.
Application by a State - Article 3 ECHR - Proof beyond reasonable doubt - Interrogation techniques amounting to inhuman and degrading treatment - Extra-judicial arrest by derogation to Article 5 ECHR (Art. 15 ECHR) - Necessity.
Nydia Erika Bautista de Arellana v. Colombia
Date: 13/11/1995
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: Communication No 563/1993 : Colombia. 13/11/95. CCPR/C/55/D/563/1993
Illegal detention, torture and summary execution - Agents of the responsible State punished with disciplinary sanctions - Seriousness of the violation requires a criminal sanction - Violation of Articles 2(3), 6(1), 7 and 14(3)(c).
Albert Womah Mukong v. Cameroon
Date: 10/8/1994
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/51/D/458/1991
Arrest and detention of a journalist advocating multiparty democracy - Violation of Article 7 - Conditions of detention - Violation of Articles 9(1) and 19.
Barbarín Mojica v. Dominican Republic
Date: 10/8/1994
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/51/D/449/1991
Disappearance - Violation of Articles 6(1), 7 and 9 - Presumption of ill-treatment based on account of the disappearance.
Charles Chitat Ng v. Canada
Date: 7/1/1994
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/49/D/469/1991
Extradition of an individual facing the death penalty - Violation of Article 7 (torture, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment) - No violation of Article 6 (right to life) - Examination of methods of execution.
Joseph Kindler v. Canada
Date: 18/11/1993
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/48/D/470/1991
Extradition of an individual facing the death penalty at his destination - Case-by-case examination - Communication inadmissible based on articles 6 and 7.
Earl Pratt and Ivan Morgan v. Jamaica
Date: 7/4/1989
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/35/D/210/1986
Death row - The condemned were only informed of a judicial decision granting them a reprieve 45 minutes before they were to be executed - Violation of Articles 7 (cruel and inhuman treatment) and 14.
Joaquin Herrera Rubio v. Colombia
Date: 2/11/1987
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/31/D/161/1983
Arrest and detention - Torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment - Kidnapping and execution - Violation of Articles 7 and 10(1) - Violation of Articles 2 and 6(1).
Antonio Viana Acosta v. Uruguay
Date: 29/3/1984
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/21/D/110/1981
Arrest and detention of a journalist - Torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment - Notion of inhuman treatment - Violation of Articles 7, 10 and 14.
Luyeye Magana ex-Philibert v. Zaïre
Date: 21/7/1983
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/19/D/90/1991
Arrest and detention for a period of 9 months - Inhumane treatment - Lack of effective remedy under domestic law - Violation of Articles 2, 9 and 10.
E. Quinteros Almeida v. Uruguay
Date: 21/7/1983
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/19/D/107/1981
Detention and torture - Disappearance - Notion of victim who may present a written communication to the Committee - Violation of Articles 7, 9 and 10.
Miguel Angel Estrella v. Uruguay
Date: 23/3/1983
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/18/D/74/1980
Detention in inhumane conditions - Torture and inhuman treatment - Violation of due process - Violation of Articles 7, 10, 14 and 17.
Hugo Haroldo Dermit Barbato v. Uruguay
Date: 21/10/1982
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/17/D/84/1981
Death of a prisoner - Suicide or death following acts of torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment - Obligation on the state to take adequate measures to protect the lives of prisoners - Violation of Article 6 (right to life).
Amendola Masslotti and Baritussio v. Uruguay
Date: 26/7/1982
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/16/D/25/1978
Arrest and detention - Kept in secret - Torture - Inhuman and degrading treatment - Military tribunal - Violation of Article 7.
Bleier v. Uruguay
Date: 29/3/1982
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/15/D/30/1978
Arrest and detention - Kept in secret - Torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment - Violation of Article 6 (right to life) - Burden of proof on the state - Violations of Articles 7, 9 and 10.
Sergio Ruben Lopez Burgos v. Uruguay
Date: 29/7/1981
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: Communication No. 52/1979 : Uruguay. 29/07/81. CCPR/C/13/D/52/1979
Arbitrary arrest and detention - Kidnapping carried out in the territory of another State - Torture - Judicial guarantees - Trade union activities - Violation of Articles 7, 9, 14, 19 and 22.
Luciano Weinberger Weisz v. Uruguay
Date: 29/10/1980
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/11/D/28/1978
Arbitrary arrest and detention - Cruel treatment - Deprivation of the right to participate in political activities for 15 years - Violation of articles 7, 9, 10, 14, 15, 19, 25 - Excessive restriction on the political rights of a criminal offender.
Beatriz Weismann and Alcides Lanza Perdomo v. Uruguay
Date: 3/4/1980
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/9/D/8/1977
Arrest and arbitrary detention - Due process - Application of freedom of expression - Right to free expression of political opinions - Violation of articles 7, 9, 10, 14 and 19.
Moriana Hernandez Valentini de Bazzano v. Uruguay
Date: 15/8/1979
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/7/D/5/1977
Torture, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and punishment suffered by a prisoner - Notion of torture - Right to visit of parents of prisoners - Violation of Articles 7, 10, 14 and 25.
Barrios Altos Case (No. 75)
Date: 14/3/2001
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Barrios Altos, Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N° 75. March 14, 2001. (See also No. 83, ...).
Armed aggression of some 15 civilians - Recognition of responsibility by the Peruvian State - Violation of articles 4 (Life), 5 (Torture), 8 and 25 (Judicial guarantees and protection).
Trujillo Oroza Case (No. 64)
Date: 26/1/2000
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Trujillo Oroza, Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N° 64. January 26, 2000.
Arbitrary arrest and detention - Forced disappearance - Recognition of responsibility by the Bolivian State - Attempt to reach a friendly settlement - Violation of arts. 3 (Juridical personality), 4 (Life), 5 (Torture), 8 & 25 (Judicial guarantees).
Villagran Morales et al. Case (No. 63)
Date: 19/11/1999
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Villagrán Morales et al., Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N° 63. November 19, 1999. (See also Nos. 32, 77).
Execution of five minors ("street children") - Acts presumably committed by the police - Denial of justice - Violation of article 7 (Arbitrary detention), 4 (Life), 5 (Torture), 19 (Rights of the child), 8 and 25 (Judicial guarantees and protection).
Loayza Tamayo Case (No. 60)
Date: 17/11/1999
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Loayza Tamayo, Addendum. IACHR Series C. N°60. November 17, 1999. (See also Nos. 25, 33, 42, 47, 53).
Arbitrary detention - Torture (rape) - Due process - Non bis in idem - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 25 and 1.1, 8 (Judicial guarantees) - Rejection of compensation to cover damages to the victim's "life plan".
Caracazo Case (No. 58)
Date: 11/11/1999
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Caracazo, Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N° 58. November 11, 1999.
267 persons massacred during the popular revolt of 27 February 1989 - Acts presumably committed by the Venezuelan security forces - Violation of articles 4.1 (Life), 5 (Torture), 7 (Personal liberty), 8.1 & 25.1 (Judicial guarantees & protection).
Loayza Tamayo Case (No. 53)
Date: 3/6/1999
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Loayza Tamayo, Interpretation of the judgement of November 27, 1998. IACHR Series C. N°53. June 3, 1999. (See also Nos. 25, 33, 42, 47, 60).
Arbitrary detention - Torture (rape) - Due process - Non bis in idem - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 25 and 1.1, 8 (Judicial guarantees) - Rejection of compensation to cover damages to the victim's "life plan".
Suárez Rosero Case (No. 51)
Date: 29/5/1999
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Suárez Rosero, Interpretation of the judgement of January 20, 1999 (reparations). IACHR Series C. N° 51. May 29,1999. (See also Nos. 35, 44).
Arbitrary detention - Kept in secret - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 8 (judicial guarantees), 5 (Physical integrity) and 25 (judicial protection) - Reparation.
Blake Case (No. 48)
Date: 22/1/1999
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Blake, Reparations (Art. 63(1) American Convention on Human Rights). IACHR Series C. N°48. January 22, 1999. (See also Nos. 27, 36, 57).
Disappearance - Acts presumably committed by paramilitaries - Judicial guarantees - Denial of justice - Continued infraction - Incompetence of the court - Violation of articles 8 and 25 (Judicial guarantees and protection) and 5 (personal integrity).
Suárez Rosero Case (No. 44)
Date: 20/1/1999
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Suárez Rosero, Reparations (Art. 63(1) American Convention on Human Rights). IACHR Series C. N° 44. January 20, 1999. (See also Nos. 35, 51).
Arbitrary detention - Kept in secret - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 8 (judicial guarantees), 5 (Physical integrity) and 25 (judicial protection) - Reparation.
Castillo Páez Case (No. 43)
Date: 27/11/1998
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Castillo Páez, Reparations (Art. 63(1) American Convention on Human Rights). IACHR Series C. N ° 43. November 27, 1998. (See also Nos. 24, 34).
Disappearance - Acts presumably committed by police agents - Arbitrary detention - Torture and inhuman and degrading treatment - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 5 (Physical integrity), and 4 (Right to life).
Loayza Tamayo Case (No. 42)
Date: 27/11/1998
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Loayza Tamayo, Reparations (Art. 63(1) American Convention on Human Rights). IACHR Series C. N°42. November 27, 1998. (See also Nos. 25, 33, 47, 53, 60).
Arbitrary detention - Torture (rape) - Due process - Non bis in idem - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 25 and 1.1, 8 (Judicial guarantees) - Rejection of compensation to cover damages to the victim's "life plan".
Cantoral Benavides Case (No. 40)
Date: 30/9/1998
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Cantoral Benavides, Preliminary Objections. IACHR Series C. N° 40. September 3, 1998. (See also Nos. 69, 90).
Terrorism - Legal action against two twin brothers - Interchanged identity allowed the escape of a convict - Non bis in idem - Torture - Judicial guarantees - Reparation.
Benavides Ceballos Case (No. 38)
Date: 19/6/1998
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Benavides Ceballos, Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N° 38. June 19, 1998.
Arbitrary arrest and detention - Torture - Homicide - Denial of justice - Violation of article 3 (Juridical personality), 4 (Life), 5 (Humane treatment), 7 (Personal liberty), 8 and 25 (Judicial protection and guarantees) - Friendly settlement.
Paniagua Morales et al. Case (No. 37)
Date: 8/3/1998
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Paniagua Morales et al., Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N°37. March 8, 1998. (See also Nos. 23, 76)
Arbitrary arrest and detention and homicide - Torture and inhuman treatment - Presumed acts committed by police agents - Violation of articles 4 (Right to life), 5 (humane treatment), 8 (judicial guarantees) and 25 (right to judicial protection).
Loayza Tamayo Case (No. 47)
Date: 8/3/1998
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Loayza Tamayo, Application for Interpretation of the Judgement of September 17, 1997. IACHR Series C. N°47. Order of the Court of March 8, 1998. (See also Nos. 25, 33, 42, 53, 60).
Arbitrary detention - Torture (rape) - Due process - Non bis in idem - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 25 and 1.1, 8 (Judicial guarantees) - Rejection of compensation to cover damages to the victim's "life plan".
Suárez Rosero Case (No. 35)
Date: 12/11/1997
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Suárez Rosero, Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N° 35. November 12, 1997. (See also Nos. 44, 51).
Arbitrary detention - Kept in secret - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 8 (judicial guarantees), 5 (Physical integrity) and 25 (judicial protection) - Reparation.
Castillo Páez Case (No. 34)
Date: 3/11/1997
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Castillo Páez, Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N ° 34. November 3, 1997. (See also Nos. 24, 43).
Disappearance - Acts presumably committed by police agents - Arbitrary detention - Torture and inhuman and degrading treatment - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 5 (Physical integrity), and 4 (Right to life).
Loayza Tamayo Case (No. 33)
Date: 17/9/1997
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Loayza Tamayo, Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N°33. September 17, 1997. (See also Nos. 25, 42, 47, 53, 60).
Arbitrary detention - Torture (rape) - Due process - Non bis in idem - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 25 and 1.1, 8 (Judicial guarantees) - Rejection of compensation to cover damages to the victim's "life plan".
Villagrán Morales et al. Case (No. 32)
Date: 11/9/1997
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Villagrán Morales et al., Preliminary Objections. IACHR Series C. N° 32. September 11, 1997. (See also Nos. 63, 77).
Execution of five minors ("street children") - Acts presumably committed by the police - Denial of justice - Violation of article 7 (Arbitrary detention), 4 (Life), 5 (Torture), 19 (Rights of the child), 8 and 25 (Judicial guarantees and protection).
Loayza Tamayo Case (No. 25)
Date: 31/1/1996
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Loayza Tamayo, Preliminary Objections. IACHR Series C. N°25. January 31, 1996. (See also Nos. 33, 42, 47, 53, 60).
Arbitrary detention - Torture (rape) - Due process - Non bis in idem - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 25 and 1.1, 8 (Judicial guarantees) - Rejection of compensation to cover damages to the victim's "life plan".
Paniagua Morales et al. Case (No. 23)
Date: 25/1/1996
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Paniagua Morales et al., Preliminary Objections. IACHR Series C. N°23. January 25, 1996. (See also Nos. 37, 76)
Arbitrary arrest and detention and homicide - Torture and inhuman treatment - Presumed acts committed by police agents - Violation of articles 4 (Right to life), 5 (humane treatment), 8 (judicial guarantees) and 25 (right to judicial protection).
Gangaram Panday Case (No. 16)
Date: 21/1/1994
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Gangaram Panday, Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N°16. January 21, 1994. (See also No. 12)
Detention - Infringement on the right to life - Acts committed by police - Complaint submitted by the brother of the presumed victim - Violation of article 7.2 (Right to personal liberty) - Rejection based on articles 5, 25 and 4 - Compensation.
Aloabotoe et al. Case (No. 15)
Date: 10/9/1993
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Aloaboetoe et al. Reparations (Art. 63(1) American Convention on Human Rights). IACHR Series C. N°15. September 10, 1993. (See also No. 11)
Arbitrary detention - Cruel and degrading treatment - Infringement on the right to life - Acts committed by soldiers - Friendly settlement (article 48 f) - Compensation.
Aloeboetoe et al.Case (No. 11)
Date: 4/12/1991
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Aloeboetoe et al. Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N°11. December 4, 1991. (See also No. 15)
Arbitrary detention - Cruel and degrading treatment - Infringement on the right to life - Acts committed by soldiers - Friendly settlement (article 48 f) - Compensation.
Gangaram Panday Case (No. 12)
Date: 4/12/1991
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Gangaram Panday, Preliminary Objections. IACHR Series C. N°12. December 4, 1991. (See also No. 16)
Detention - Infringement on the right to life - Acts committed by police - Complaint submitted by the brother of the presumed victim - Violation of article 7.2 (Right to personal liberty) - Rejection based on articles 5, 25 and 4 - Compensation.
Godínez Cruz Case (No. 10)
Date: 17/8/1990
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Godínez Cruz, Interpretation of the Compensatory Damages Judgement (Art. 67 American Convention on Human Rights). IACHR Series C. N°10, August 17, 1990. (See also Nos. 3, 5, 8)
Disappearance - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 5 (Right to physical integrity) and 4 (Right to life) - Compensation.
Godínez Cruz Case (No. 8)
Date: 21/7/1989
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Godínez Cruz, Compensatory Damages (Art. 63(1) American Convention on Human Rights). IACHR Series C. N°08, July 21, 1989. (See also Nos. 3, 5, 10)
Disappearance - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 5 (Right to physical integrity) and 4 (Right to life) - Compensation.
Godínez Cruz Case (No. 5)
Date: 20/1/1989
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Godínez Cruz, Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N°05, January 20, 1989. (See also Nos. 3, 8, 10)
Disappearance - Violation of articles 7 (Right to personal liberty), 5 (Right to physical integrity) and 4 (Right to life) - Compensation.
     
Case Law Websites
Commonwealth Human Rights Case Law Database (The)
Languages: English
Allows you to browse or search for summaries of recent human rights decisions from national courts in Commonwealth jurisdictions.
Council of Europe - Human Rights Web
Languages: English French
Search the case-law of the European Convention on Human Rights control bodies.
Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Languages: English Spanish
Search the case law of the Inter-American Court.
INTERIGHTS, the International Centre for the Legal Protection of Human Rights
Languages: English
International Human Rights Law Database (reports highlighting decisions of international human rights tribunals and bodies) - Commonwealth Human Rights Case Law Database (summaries of recent human rights decisions from national courts)
International Human Rights Law Database (The)
Languages: English
A resource for those seeking summaries and commentaries on international human rights case law, the database allows searches by text, 47 subjects, 81 states, 9 treaties, 9 decisionmaking bodies, and date. A powerful and quick database.
Repertorio de Jurisprudencia del Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos
Languages: Spanish
Directory of the case law of the Inter-American Court 1980 - 1997.
     
Reports
Report of the High Commissioner for Human Rights: Systematic rape, sexual slavery and slavery-like practices during armed conflicts
Haut-Commissaire aux droits de l'homme de l'ONU / UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Date: 18/7/2002
Reference: Distr. GENERAL, E/CN.4/Sub.2/2002/28, 18 July 2002
Source: United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights
The present report refers to new developments in the field of the activities of human rights mechanisms and of international and humanitarian law on the issue of systematic rape, sexual slavery and slavery-like practices in situations of armed conflict.
Question of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment - Report of the Special Rapporteur
Theo van Boven, Rapporteur Special de la Commission des droits de l'homme de l'ONU / Special Rapporteur of the UN Commission on Human Rights Date: 2/7/2002
Reference: Distr. GENERAL, A/57/173, 2 July 2002
Source: United Nations Commission on Human Rights
Prohibition of torture and of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment in the context of anti-terrorist measures - Places and length of pre-trial detention, admissibility of confessions in court - Principle of non-refoulement etc.
Methods of Combating Torture
HCDH/HCHR Date: 5/2002
Reference: Fact Sheet No. 4 (Rev.1)
Source: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The human rights Fact Sheet Series is published by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Geneva.
Report of the working group on a draft optional protocol
Elizabeth Odio Benito Date: 20/2/2002
Reference: E/CN.4/2002/78
Source: Working group on a draft optional protocol
Report of the working group on a draft optional protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment on its tenth session
End impunity: Justice for the victims of torture
Amnesty International Date: 19/11/2001
Reference: Réf. 570. 190
Source: Amnesty International
Published as part of Amnesty's World Campaign against Torture, this work recommends new steps governments can take to put an end to impunity.
Question of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment - Interim report of the Special Rapporteur
Sir Nigel Rodley, Rapporteur spécial de la Commission des droits de l'homme de l'ONU / UN Special Rapporteur Date: 3/7/2001
Reference: Distr. GENERAL, A/56/156, 3 July 2001
Source: United Nations General Assembly
Intimidation as a form of torture - Enforced or involuntary disappearance as a form of torture - Torture and discrimination against sexual minorities - Torture and impunity - Prevention and transparency. Overall trends and recent developments.
Broken bodies, broken minds: torture and ill-treatment of women
Amnesty International Date: 6/3/2001
Reference: ACT 40/001/2001, 06/03/2001
Source: Amnesty International
In October 2000 Amnesty International launched a worldwide campaign "Take a step to stamp out torture". This report is released as part of that campaign and aims to mobilize people around the world to confront and eradicate the torture of women.
Stamp out torture
Amnesty International Date: 26/2/2001
Reference: ACT /2001
Source: Amnesty International
6 AI reports on torture: Launch Report - Children's Report - Stopping the Torture Trade Report - Women's Report - Crimes of hate, conspiracy of silence torture and ill-treatment based on sexual identity - Racism and the administration of justice
The Princeton Principles on Universal Jurisdiction
X Date: 2001
Reference: ISBN 0-9711859-0-5
Source: Princeton University
For the Record 2001: The United Nations Human Rights System
Human Rights Internet Date: 2001
Reference: Human Rights Internet, 2001
Source: Human Rights Internet
FTR is an electronic annual report that provides summaries of relevant human rights information generated within the UN system. An important reference tool for those active in national and international social justice movements, the report also aids in simplifying the human rights work of the UN for the uninitiated, members of national legislative assemblies, journalists, students, teachers and the general public. Produced with the support of the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade since 1997, the report is organized thematically as well as by country and covers all relevant UN documentation over a full calendar year. These include: State reports prepared for the six human rights treaty bodies and the concluding observations of the experts who review those reports; documentation, resolutions and decisions by various UN system bodies.
For the Record 2001: The European Human Rights System
Human Rights Internet & Netherlands Institute of Human Rights / Internet des droits humains et l' Institut néerlandais des droits de l'homme Date: 2001
Reference: -
Source: Human Rights Internet & Netherlands Institute of Human Rights
A review of the major human rights developments in the European human rights system (within the Council of Europe). Organized thematically and by country. Focuses on developments in the scope of: European Convention on Human Rights; European Social Charter; European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment and its protocols; Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities; and the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance. A major distinguishing feature of FTR Europe is that it contains summaries of human rights case law.
The Istanbul Protocol: Manual on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment Punishment
HCDH / OHCHR Date: 9/8/1999
Reference: Professional Training Series, No. 8
Source: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
This Manual is intended to serve as an international reference work for health professionals and adjudicators. It contains international guidelines for the assessment and investigation of allegations of torture.
Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances
HCDH / OHCHR Date: 1/1998
Reference: Fact Sheet No.6 (Rev.2)
Source: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The human rights Fact Sheet Series is published by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Geneva.
Prisons in Latin America and the Caribbean
Human Rights Watch Date: 1997
Reference: Human Rights Watch Prison Project
Source: Human Rights Watch
"The past few years have been dramatic ones in Latin American and Caribbean prisons, which hold a total of over half a million inmates. Conditions continue to stagnate -- and even to worsen in some countries -- inspiring dramatic and violent forms of prisoner protest. Massacres, riots, and other violent incidents have been occurring in prisons across the region, providing further evidence of the widespread failure of Latin America's penal systems".
The Committee against Torture
HCDH / OHCHR Date: inconnue
Reference: Fact Sheet No. 17
Source: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The human rights Fact Sheet Series is published by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Geneva.
     
Books
Jurisprudence de la Cour Européenne des Droits de l'Homme
Vincent BERGER
Reference: Paris, Dalloz, 2000
Languages: French
Analytical summaries of the most important decisions rendered by the European Court of Human Rights since its creation in 1959. This book does not contain commentaries on the of the soundness of the decisions or the Court's reasoning.
Preventing Torture: A Study of the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Malcolm EVANS - Rod MORGAN
Reference: Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1998
Languages: English
Historical use and eventual prohibition of jusidical torture - Post-War case studies of the extensive use of torture by democratic regimes - Account of the prohibition of torture in international law and an examination of the key terms - CPT.
European Human Rights Law : Text and Materials
Anthony BRADLEY - Mark JANIS - Richard KAY
Reference: Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1995
Languages: English
The legal process and the substantive law developed pursuant to the Council of Europe's Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Institutions and procedures - Selected substantive areas of adjudication - Application in domestic law.
L'application de l'article 3 de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme dans le droit interne des états membres : l'impact des garanties européennes contre la torture et les traitements inhumains ou dégradants
Henri FOURTEAU
Reference: Paris, Librairie générale de droit et de jurisprudence, 1996
Languages: French
The impact of this Article has a dialectic and evolving aspect: facing a limited impact of the repressive application of the Article, the Member States started favouring a preventive approach to the problem that proves to be more effective.
Combattre la torture en Europe : le travail et les normes du Comité européen pour la prévention de la torture (CPT)
Malcolm EVANS - Rod MORGAN
Reference: Strasbourg, Éditions du Conseil de l'Europe, 2002
Languages: French
The aim of this book is to make known the norms elaborated by the CPT for application in situations of detention. The authors describe in details and comment on the way the Committee operates, the visits it organises and the norms it establishes.
The United Nations Convention against torture : a handbook on the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Herman BURGERS - Hans DANELIUS
Reference: Dordrecht / Boston / London, International Studies in Human Rights, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1988
Languages: English
This treatise consists of, on the one hand, a description and analysis of the contents of the Convention (includes an article-by-article commentary) and, on the other hand, a historical survey of the background and the genesis of the Convention.
The Treatment of Prisoners Under International Law
Nigel RODLEY
Reference: Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1999
Languages: English
Various aspects of torture and other ill-treatment - Current legal status of the prohibition - Summary or arbitrary executions - "Disappearance" - Prison conditions - Corporal punishment - Internationally prescribed rules - Legal safeguards.
Monitoring Human Rights in Europe. Comparing International Procedures and Mechanisms
A. Bloed, L. Leicht, M. Nowak, A. Rosas Ed.
Reference: Dordrecht/Boston/London, Martinus Nijhoff, 1993
Languages: English
The studies focus on the effectiveness of the various mechanisms and frameworks, their differing legal and political characteristics and contexts, their interrelationship as well as their advantages and disadvantages.
Monitoring Human Rights in Europe: Comparing International Procedures and Mechanisms
Arie Bloed, Liselotte Leicht, M. Nowak, A. Rosas Ed.
Reference: Dordrecht, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993
Languages: English
Collection of articles on international mechanisms for the protection of human rights and the prevention of their abuses in Europe: Reporting procedures - Individual complaints - Contribution of NGOs - Torture - Minority rights - ICTY...
An End to Torture: Strategies for its Eradication
Bertil Dunér Ed.
Reference: London, New York, Zed Books, 1998
Languages: English
An overview of existing law and procedures, and an account of efforts to draft a UN protocol to establish an on-site inspection system. Treatment of women as victims of torture - Non-state actors – Foreign policy - Truth commissions – NGOs…
Torture as Tort : Comparative Perspectives on the Development of Transnational Human Rights Litigation
Craig Scott Ed.
Reference: Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2001
Languages: English
In this work leading scholars from around the world address the host of complex issues raised by transnational human rights litigation.
La Grèce devant la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme
P. Lambert Ed.
Reference: Bruxelles, Droit & Justice, Bruylant, 2003
Languages:
Analysis of the European Court of Human Right's case-law concerning Greece.
Les mesures relatives aux étrangers à l'épreuve de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme
P. Lambert, C. Pettiti Ed.
Reference: Bruxelles, Droit & Justice, Bruylant, 2003
Languages: French
Collected papers from a 2003 seminar dedicated to the European Court of Human Rights' case-law related to the various situations that non-national foreigners are confronted with (non admission, asylum, deportation, "double punishment").
The Pinochet Papers : the case of Augusto Pinochet in Spain and Britain
Reed Brody, Michael Ratner Ed.
Reference: The Hague - London - Boston, Kluwer Law International, 2000
Languages: English
Overview of the case, its place in the development of international criminal law - Documents and materials, organized chronologically - Judicial and quasi-judicial decisions - Excerpts of the key statutes and treaties - Chronology of events.
     
Periodicals
Human Rights Tribune
Reference: Ottawa, Human Rights Internet
Contact: hri@hri.ca http://www.hri.ca/cftribune/
Languages: English
A tri-yearly publication of HRI (Human Rights Internet). Addresses all areas of human rights from a non-governmental perspective world-wide. Articles about important events - NGO reports - Analysis of the work of human rights organizations.
Revue trimestrielle des droits de l'homme
Reference: Bruxelles, Nemesis
Contact: vf@lambert.be http://www.revtrdrh.be
Languages: French
Specialized periodical. Articles on doctrine - Commentaries on the decisions of various courts - Extracts of new decisions - Bibliographies - News: conferences... Special issues.
Torture - Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
Reference: IRCT Publications Department
Contact: publications@irct.org http://www.irct.org/Publications/Torture_journal.htm
Languages: English
Contains documentation and background material relating to torture, torture prevention and treatment of torture survivors, it publishes presentations of rehabilitation centres around the world, reviews of books, as well as news, etc.
     
Human Rights Actors
Action by Christians for the Abolition of Torture (ACAT)
http://www.fiacat.org/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Ever since it was founded, in 1974, ACAT has campaigned on behalf of people who are tortured, detained in inhuman conditions, sentenced to death or "disappeared", whatever their origins, political opinions or religious beliefs.
Amnesty International (AI)
http://www.amnesty.org Type:International or Regional Organization
Amnesty International is a worldwide campaigning movement that works to promote internationally recognized human rights.
Association for the prevention of torture (APT)
http://www.apt.ch/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Founded 25 years ago, in 1977, by Jean-Jacques Gautier and based in Geneva, Switzerland, the Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT) is an independent non-governmental organisation working worldwide to prevent torture and ill-treatment.
Center for Justice and Accountability (CJA)
http://www.cja.org Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
NGO that works to end the impunity of human rights violators in the United States and elsewhere by providing the survivors of torture and other grave human rights violations with legal representation.
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT)
http://www.cpt.coe.int/en/ Type:International or Regional Organization
The CPT visits places of detention - e.g. prisons and places of youth detention, police stations, army barracks and psychiatric hospitals - to see how detainees are treated and, if necessary, to recommend improvements.
Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka (HRCSL)
http:// Type:National Human Rights Institution
Has a wide mandate to deal with illegal detention, torture, disappearance and murder. Responsibility to educate the public and forces and to advise on any administrative or other changes that may be necessary to avoid abuses of human rights.
Humanitarian Law Center (HLC)
http://www.hlc.org.yu/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
A regional, non-profit NGO that monitors respect for human rights in Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo. It advocates, investigates and reports on breaches of international humanitarian law, investigates human rights violations, and represents victims.
International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT)
http://www.irct.org Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Independent, international organization of health professionals, which promotes and supports the rehabilitation of torture victims and works for the prevention of torture worldwide.
Observatoire international des prisons - Belgium (OIP)
http://www.oipbelgique.be Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
International Observatory of Prisons - Belgian Section.
OSCE Office of Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR (OSCE))
http://www.osce.org/odihr Type:International or Regional Organization
Carries out projects, policy, publications and monitoring missions in the areas of human rights and democratization, minorities, institution-building, election observation, and more.
Prevention Genocides ()
http://www.prevention-genocides.org/fr/index.html Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
NGO founded in 1999 by a group of sociologists and other researchers in social sciences. It has three main aims: research, detection of risk situations, prevention. It is an associate of the International Campaign to End Genocide.
REDRESS - Seeking Reparation for Torture Survivors (REDRESS)
http://www.redress.org/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
London based, internationally focused, non-profit legal / human rights organisation - Founded in 1992, REDRESS helps torture survivors use available legal remedies to obtain reparation and to campaign for effective remedies where they dont exist.
Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the question of torture (SR Torture)
http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu2/7/b/mtor.htm Type:United Nations System
Mission: to examine, monitor and publicly report on torture worldwide.
Survivors International (SI)
http://www.survivorsintl.org/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
Dedicated to the treatment and support of survivors of torture - Multidisciplinary network of professionals from the fields of medicine, psychology, social work, public health, human rights, and the law, providing psychological and medical treatment.
World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT)
http://www.omct.org/ Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
The largest international coalition of NGOs fighting against torture, summary executions, forced disappearances and all other forms of cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment in order to preserve Human Rights - Network SOS Torture with 240 NGOs.