Labor Rights
Specific Instruments
  General Instruments
  Selected Case Law
  Case Law Websites
  Human Rigths Actors
Labor Rights
Specific Instruments
Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention
Date of adoption: 18/8/1949 Entry into force: 18/7/1951
System of protection: Universal
Workers' Representatives Convention
Date of adoption: 23/6/1971 Entry into force: 3/6/1973
System of protection: Universal
Convention concerning the Promotion of Collective Bargaining (No. 154)
Date of adoption: 19/6/1981 Entry into force: 11/8/1983
System of protection: Universal
Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention
Date of adoption: 27/6/1978 Entry into force: 25/2/1981
System of protection: Universal
Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour
Date of adoption: 17/6/1999 Entry into force: 19/11/2000
System of protection: Universal
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention
Date of adoption: 9/7/1948 Entry into force: 4/7/1950
System of protection: Universal
Equal Remuneration Convention
Date of adoption: 29/6/1951 Entry into force: 23/5/1953
System of protection: Universal
Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment Convention
Date of adoption: 21/6/1988 Entry into force: 17/10/1991
System of protection: Universal
Employment Policy Convention
Date of adoption: 9/7/1964 Entry into force: 15/7/1966
System of protection: Universal
Occupational Safety and Health Convention
Date of adoption: 22/6/1981 Entry into force: 11/6/1983
System of protection: Universal
European Convention on the Legal Status of Migrant Workers
Date of adoption: 24/11/1977 Entry into force: 1/5/1983
System of protection: Council of Europe
Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
Date of adoption: 7/9/1956 Entry into force: 30/4/1957
System of protection: Universal
International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
Date of adoption: 18/12/1990 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others
Date of adoption: 2/12/1949 Entry into force: 25/7/1951
System of protection: Universal
Additional Protocol to the European Social Charter
Date of adoption: 5/5/1988 Entry into force: 4/9/1992
System of protection: Council of Europe
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: "Protocol of San Salvador"
Date of adoption: 17/11/1988 Entry into force: 16/11/1999
System of protection: Organization of American States
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
Date of adoption: 25/6/1958 Entry into force: 15/6/1960
System of protection: Universal
General Instruments
The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam
Date of adoption: 5/8/1990 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Organization of the Islamic Conference
European Social Charter
Date of adoption: 18/10/1961 Entry into force: 26/2/1965
System of protection: Council of Europe
European Social Charter (revised)
Date of adoption: 3/5/1996 Entry into force: 1/7/1999
System of protection: Council of Europe
Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
Date of adoption: 7/12/2000 Entry into force: -
System of protection: European Union
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
Date of adoption: 16/12/1966 Entry into force: 3/1/1976
System of protection: Universal
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
Date of adoption: 10/12/1948 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Universal
American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man
Date of adoption: 2/5/1948 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Organization of American States
African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (Banjul Charter)
Date of adoption: 27/6/1981 Entry into force: 21/10/1986
System of protection: Organization of African Unity
ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work
Date of adoption: 18/6/1998 Entry into force: -
System of protection: Other
El principio de igualdad de trato y la prohibición de discriminación por razón de sexo a la luz de la jurisprudencia del T.J.C.E.
Latest update: 08/07/2002 First published: 8/7/2002
Reference: HRNi
The Principle of Discrimination in the Case Law of the Court of Justice of the European Union
Analysis of Paralysis or Paralysis by Analysis? Implementing Economic Social and Cultural Rights Under the African Charter on Human and People's Rights
Latest update: 28/06/2002 First published: 2001
Reference: HRQ Vol 23, p. 327
Outlines the human rights protection agenda that the African Charter enunciates.
Languages: English Spanish
Contains four interactive, searchable databases (or directories) of organizations and individuals, project and activities, regional and domestic case law, and events.
Languages: English French Spanish
The UNHCHR's standard information page on Freedom of Association. Documents - Newsroom - Conventions - Related issues.
Languages: English French
Introduction -News -Access to documents and publications -Access to the case law of the European Social Committee
Selected Case Law
S.O.S.-Esclaves v. Mauritania
Date: 5/5/1999
Decision-making body: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Legal reference: Communications No. 198/97, in Annex V (Decisions on Communications) to the Twelfth Annual Activity Report of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, 1998-1999 (ACHPR/RPT/12th).
Slavery - Alleged violations of Articles 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11 and 15 - Inadmissible due to non-exhaustion of domestic remedies.
Annette Pagnoulle (on behalf of Abdoulaye Mazou) v. Cameroon
Date: 4/1997
Decision-making body: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Legal reference: Communication No. 39/90, in Annex X (Communications) to the Tenth Annual Activity Report of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, 1996-1997 (ACHPR/RPT/10th).
Arbitrary detention - Military trial - No reinstatement of victim in his position as a magistrate following amnesty - Violations of Articles 6 (Liberty and security), 7.1(b), 7.1(d) (Due process) and 15 (Right to work).
Young, James and Webster v. the United Kingdom
Date: 13/8/1981
Decision-making body: European Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: ECHR, 13 August 1981, A 44. n° 00007601/76 and 00007806/77.
"Closed shop": obligation to belong to a particular trade union - Freedom of association - Negative aspect: right not to be compelled to belong to an association - Disproportionate interference - Violation of Article 11.
Schräder v. Hauptzollamt Gronau
Date: 11/7/1989
Decision-making body: European Court of Justice
Legal reference: C 265/87
Fundamental rights are not absolute but must be viewed in the light of the social function of the activities they protect. However, restrictions must correspond to objectives of general interest and must not infringe upon the substance of the rights.
Jong-Kyu Sohn v. Republic of Korea
Date: 3/8/1995
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: CCPR/C/54/D/518/1992
Conviction of a striker - Freedom of expression - Legal and necessary restrictions (Article 19(3)) - Violation of Article 19(2) - Restrictive approach to the notion of national security.
Sergio Ruben Lopez Burgos v. Uruguay
Date: 29/7/1981
Decision-making body: Human Rights Committee
Legal reference: Communication No. 52/1979 : Uruguay. 29/07/81. CCPR/C/13/D/52/1979
Arbitrary arrest and detention - Kidnapping carried out in the territory of another State - Torture - Judicial guarantees - Trade union activities - Violation of Articles 7, 9, 14, 19 and 22.
Ricardo Baena Case (No. 72)
Date: 3/2/2001
Decision-making body: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Legal reference: Ricardo Baena, Decision and Judgement. IACHR Series C. N° 72. February 3, 2001. (See also No. 61)
Dismissal of 270 public officials - Right to strike and freedom of association - Retroactive legislation - Violation of articles 9 (Freedom from ex post facto laws), 8 and 25 (Judicial guarantees and protection).
Case Law Websites
Council of Europe - Human Rights Web
Languages: English French
Search the case-law of the European Convention on Human Rights control bodies.
ILOLEX Database of International Labour Standards
Languages: English French Spanish
Database of International Labour Standards
International Human Rights Law Database (The)
Languages: English
A resource for those seeking summaries and commentaries on international human rights case law, the database allows searches by text, 47 subjects, 81 states, 9 treaties, 9 decisionmaking bodies, and date. A powerful and quick database.
The Rights of Migrant Workers
HCDH / OHCHR Date: inconnue
Reference: Fact Sheet No.24
Source: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The human rights Fact Sheet Series is published by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Geneva.
Migrant Workers in International Human Rights Law: Their Protection in Countries of Employment
Reference: Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1997
Languages: English
A broad definition of migrant workers and an expansive approach to their rights. The author analyses general international legal standards, the work of the ILO and the UN Convention, and the Council of Europe and EU standards and policies.
The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
Matthew CRAVEN
Reference: New York, Oxford University Press, 1995
Languages: English
A review of the 17 years since the Covenant's entry into force and the first 7 years of existence of the ESCR Committee. The book deals only with a selection of the rights recognized in the Covenant.
Droits sociaux et droit européen : bilan et prospective de la protection normative
J.-F. Flauss Ed. - Jean-François FLAUSS
Reference: Bruxelles, Droit & Justice, Bruylant, 2002
Languages: French
In the Council of Europe and in the European Union, social rights are the object of a growing protection, both in quality and quantity. Questions raised : problems of coexistence and reciprocal influences - unicity of the standards of protection
Revue trimestrielle des droits de l'homme
Reference: Bruxelles, Nemesis
Languages: French
Specialized periodical. Articles on doctrine - Commentaries on the decisions of various courts - Extracts of new decisions - Bibliographies - News: conferences... Special issues.
Human Rights Actors
Comité des droits économiques, sociaux et culturels (CESCR) Type:United Nations System
Treaty body created in 1985 by the ECOSOC (not by the ICESCR itself). Convenes twice a year to monitor the implementation of the Covenant by States parties, assist them in fulfilling their obligations. Writes General Comments on Covenant rights.
Education International (EI) Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
A world-wide trade union organisation seeking to promote for all peoples in all nations peace, democracy, social justice and equality through the development of quality public education for all.
Human Rights at Work Foundation () Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
The Foundation supports initiatives for the advancement of fundamental human rights in work situations. The general framework of action: safety and health of workers, freedom of association and negociation, struggle against discrimination...
ILO - Committee on Freedom of Association (CFA) Type:United Nations System
The CFA is set up to receive and review complaints alleging violation of freedom of association principles.
International Center for Trade Union Rights (ICTUR) Type:Other
Trade union and labour rights -Fact finding missions -Publication of reports and studies. Its National Committes have appeared before Senates, given submissions to Public Inquiries and organised lobbies in protest at abuses of trade union rights.
International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) Type:Other
Confederation of national trade union centres, each of which links together the trade unions of that country. Membership is open to bone fide trade union organisations, that are independent of outside influence, and have a democratic structure.
International Labor Organization (ILO) Type:United Nations System
UN specialized agency which seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights. Formulates international labour standards in the form of Conventions and Recommendations.
International Labour Rights Fund (ILRF) Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
ILRF is an advocacy organization dedicated to achieving just and humane treatment for workers worldwide. Public education and mobilization, research, litigation, legislation, and collaboration with labor, government and business groups.
SOLIDAR (SOLIDAR) Type:NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
SOLIDAR is an independent international alliance of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) who are involved in social service provision, international co-operation, humanitarian aid and life-long learning, and are historically linked to the free and democr
Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the human rights of migrants () Type:United Nations System
Mandate established in 1999, by E/CN.4/RES/1999/44 of 26 April 1999.
University of Iowa Center for Human Rights (UICHR) Type:Research / Education
Cross-disciplinary activities designed to consider the problems and prospects of human rights in the US and abroad, with particular attention given to economic, social, and cultural rights.